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Hemp in Italy – perfect conditions for a high quality crop

Geschrieben von Statt Enecta am 04.08.2016

Hemp in Italy – perfect conditions for a high quality crop

Although hemp is a plant that can be grown under a variety of conditions, there is a difference between what a plant will tolerate and what it loves. Italy provides the perfect conditions in which hemp can thrive, and centuries ago, before hemp was abandoned in favour of synthetic fibres, hemp in Italy was among the finest that could be obtained anywhere. 

Today, Italian farmers are rediscovering the benefits of growing hemp in the perfect conditions for bumper yields.


Bologna and Ferrara hemp Italy giants

In spite of the decades long collapse of commercial hemp growing, largely in response to the availability and sudden popularity of synthetic fibres from the petrochemical industry, hemp growers in Bologna and Ferrara retained the knowledge of how to grow hemp on their native soil which is ideal for optimal growth of this crop.

Although hemp is grown in Southern Italy, it is the Northern provinces that retains the traditional knowledge of hemp growing. Adding to the already rich and friable soils, farmers prepare carefully for each crop, ploughing in manure and adopting careful water management practices to obtain the highest yield and quality.

The best hemp in all the world

When hemp was still a necessity for the production of linens and other fabrics, paper, sailcloth and rope, Italian hemp was considered to be the best the world had to offer. Italian farmers, and the craftsmen who processed hemp were able to produce the finest, softest fabrics from the fibres, and it is almost certain that although the word “superfood” had not yet been coined, locals had explored the nutritional potential of hemp.

It is almost certain that in Italy, hemp was also used as a medicinal plant. There are, however, few references to it in ancient texts, although the Romans left behind evidence that it had been used as a treatment for minor ailments.

Hemp growing in Italy today

A resurgence of interest into the versatility and sustainability of hemp, and technologies that have made hemp processing less labour intensive, have led to a revival of farming with hemp in Italy. Certainly, the growing conditions remain perfect in many parts of the country, and Italy’s low-THC hemp strains are recognized as superior, with the first US farmers who have been allowed to grow hemp since its prohibition was eased, sourcing seeds from Italy to get their new crops started.