Chronic pain affects a huge number of people and the causes are often manifold, from traumas to the most disparate of pathologies.
In the past few years, due to an important advancement in medical research, products containing CBD extracted from hemp plants, are increasingly used by those who need to alleviate their pain.
The mechanisms of endocannabinoids
The human brain is able to produce endocannabinoids, substances similar to the ones contained in cannabis.
Through accurate studies on the mechanisms underlying endocannabinoids produced by our organism, research has been able to throw light on the therapeutic effects of consuming cannabis.
The human being mainly produces two endocannabinoids: anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (commonly called 2-AG). Both have a specific action on a receptor – denominated CB1 – present in the cerebral cortex.
The endocannabinoid 2-AG is an inhibitor of the excitement of nervous cells while anandamide has a substantial action towards conditions of stress.
Due to the studies on these mechanisms, discovering the role in regulating the electrical stimuli in the brain, it has been possible to demonstrate the analgesic capabilities of cannabis.
CBD for the treatment of pain
The areas of use in this sense are really many now. Some use products derived from hemp to alleviate pain caused by arthritis or pain felt during post-operative phases, aver an surgical intervention.
Abundantly demonstrated are the anti-inflammatory and myorelaxant properties of CBD, to the point at which many patients affected by multiple sclerosis use hemp products to mitigate muscular spasms and dissolve their pain.
In general, the revisions of the studies carried out so far (both on human beings and on animals) demonstrated the effectiveness of cannabis in the treatment of chronic pain.