When we observe a Cannabis plant, one of the first things striking us probably is the sent; this due to terpenes, generating its distinctive aroma.
Terpenes are biomolecules with the quality of conferring odours and flavours to plants. In nature there are over a three thousand terpenes present in several plant species.
Produced by the same glands which produce THC and CBD, terpenes are used by the plants to defend themselves, for example against the attack of insects, by emitting a pungent aroma.
The Terpenes present in Cannabis
Terpenes demonstrated to be able to act synergistically, contributing to create the phytocannabinoid frame of the cannabis plant.
Terpenes can be found in major concentrations in the female plants of Cannabis which are not pollinated; quantity and composition obviously change according to the genetics of the plant and the conditions in which it has been cultivated.
Scientific studies demonstrate the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anxiolytic, neuroprotectant, antimutagenic, antiallergic, antibiotic and antidiabetic properties of terpenes.
Myrcene is one of the main terpenes present in the plant and characterizes several varieties with a musky aroma and with fragrances recalling cloves.
Amongst the characteristics of myrcene, we can find alleviating the symptoms of chronic pain and reducing inflammations: this occurs due to the bond which is created with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, permitting in this manner the analgesic response on our organism.
Limonene, instead, seems to be able to help in case of gastric reflux, besides acting positively on our mood.
Pinene has anti-inflammatory ad neurostimulating characteristics and contributes to improving memory.
In linalool sedative qualities can be observed and it would help to contrast insomnia.
Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, helps to alleviate the symptoms of pain and, just like linalool, could be useful to fight insomnia.
Humulene has antibacterial qualities and would help to diminish appetite, contributing with its painkilling effects.