Which differences between Phytocannabinoids, Cannabinoids and Endocannabinoids?

Which differences between Phytocannabinoids, Cannabinoids and Endocannabinoids?



What are we talking about when we talk about Cannabis? We are talking about a plant with extraordinary properties, as the Studies we often mention demonstrate, and about how it can contribute to a new lifestyle.
In these new articles of our Blog we intend to supply our readers, and above all those who approach the world of Cannabis for the first time, of practical and technical notions.  

Which are the differences between Cannabis, Phytocannabinoids, Cannabinoids, Cannabinoid receptors?

Cannabis can be divided in two species: Indica and Sativa. Which are the differences? Click Here.

Then we have Phytocannabinoids, they are the natural Cannabinoids which can be identified in the Cannabis plant, the best known are THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (Cannabidiol), CBG (Cannabigerol).

- Enecta, introducing CBG (Cannabigerol): what are we talking about?  Click Here

- CBD oil, benefits and properties: why use it? Click Here

Endocannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors, are produced by our organism and develop in our central nervous system or our peripheral nervous system. They play an important role in the cognitive, motor, sensory and affective processes correlated to them.  
The two endocannabinoids mainly known and studied are  N-arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide, AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)

What are Cannabinoid receptors?  Cannabinoids act mainly by binding to specific receptors which are located on the surface of the membrane of several cells, mainly present in the brain and the immune system.

For now two receptors have been identified, even though it seems other possible cannabinoid receptors exist,  CB1 and CB2. CB1 can be mainly found on the nerve cells of the CNS, while CB2 receptors are located mostly on the immunocompetent cells.

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