When we talk about Cannabis, the focus is on CBD and THC, but in the plant there are molecules with very important functions: Terpenes.
When we observe a Cannabis plant one of the first things that affects us is the smell, and for this we must thank the Terpenes, which in different proportions, give each plant a different scent.
Where are Terpenes?
Terpenes are found in higher concentrations in female Cannabis plants that have not been pollinated. The amount and composition changes depending on the genetics of the plant and the conditions under which it was grown.
Interaction with the endocannabinoid system
Terpenes, when taken, interact with the endocannabinoid system, working in combination with cannabinoids.
For example, Mircene is a terpene that gives an odour similar to cloves, and has the ability to increase cellular permeability and therefore a rapid absorption of cannabinoids.
Terpenes can act on neurotransmitters in the brain, influencing, for example, neurotransmitters that regulate mood.
How can they be used?
The terpenes mix well with other plant extracts - you can dilute them with olive oil, coconut oil, vegetable glycerin, e-liquid for electronic cigarettes. They are not water-soluble and must be diluted with other lipophilic substances.
The term "entourage effect" was coined to describe the relationship between terpenes and cannabinoids. It is used to express the increase of efficacy, with an improvement in the therapeutic effect, derived from the combination of phytocannabinoids and terpenes.
The relationship that develops between cannabinoids and terpenes can expand the field of use.
The isolated terpenes have numerous applications: they can be added to any plant extract, oil or dye, obtaining customised blends with effect, for example, energising, anti-inflammatory, relaxing, etc. Terpenes such as Nerolidol and Terpinolene have sedative qualities.
Cannabinoids and Terpenes each have independent effects but together, they can have different effects.